Knowledge Center

How Rough Cut Lumber Can Be Used

Using Rough Cut Lumber Can Save You Money

Woodworkers love rough cut lumber for a number of reasons. It is usually sold at a fraction of the cost of finished lumber, and it is available much thicker than finished cuts. Although rough cut lumber does not look as good as finished lumber, it does give the skilled woodworker more of a margin for error while saving money at the same time. Many do it yourselfers and woodworkers are turning to rough ...

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How Lumber Prices are Calculated

Lumber calculations can be confusing, even for veteran woodworkers.  Starting with our Roughsawn Pricelist (on ‘Lumber’ page) you’ll see prices from $3-8/Boardfoot (Bf).  These prices apply for 4/4 (1″) thickness, 8″ widths and 6′ lengths or less.  As you get up in all 3 dimensions prices will increase incrementally.  For 8/4 (2″) thick boards the widths increase up to 20″+ or even 30″+, lengths may be from 4′ to 14′.  For the species with a base price of $3/bf (Ash, ...

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Design a Workshop that Works for your Space

It’s difficult to be handy around the house when your supplies aren’t handy. That’s where a workshop comes in. Whether you’re remodeling or buying new, it’s easy to add a do-it-yourself workshop to help you work more efficiently.

Put careful thought and effort into designing a workshop based on what you’ll use it for and how much space that requires. If you’re a weekend carpenter who wants to make bookshelves, molding and cabinets, you’ll want plenty of room to store and ...

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Nailing Down the Best Lumber

If you’re shopping at lumberyards or home centers for posts, decking or almost any kind of lumber, prepare to hunt through the pile. Take what you need off the top or accept a delivery without checking and you’ll probably be in for some extra work (and extra waste) dealing with the warps, twists, splits and other defects. Lumber just isn’t as good as it used to be.

One reason: an increasing amount now comes from smaller, younger, faster-growing trees that aren’t ...

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The Lumber Process

Background

Lumber is a generic term that applies to various lengths of wood used as construction materials. Pieces of lumber are cut lengthwise from the trunks of trees and are characterized by having generally rectangular or square cross sections, as opposed to poles or pilings, which have round cross sections.

The use of wood as a construction material predates written history. The earliest evidence of wood construction comes from a site near Nice, France, where a series of post holes seems to ...

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What is a Tree? How Does it Work?

Tree Physiology

A tree is a tall plant with woody tissue. Trees gather light for photosynthesis through their leaves; this process creates “food” for the tree.

Most of a tree trunk is dead tissue and serves only to support the weight of the tree crown. The outside layers of the tree trunk are the only living portion. The cambium produces new wood and new bark.

The band of tissue outside of the cambium is the phloem. Phloem transports new materials (the sugars created ...

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Planting Trees for Conservation

Trees can be planted for several conservation purposes. These include windbreaks and living snow fences, wildlife habitat and forest restoration.

Conservation Plantings: Planning, Design and Site Preparation

Conservation tree plantings can provide many benefits. However, successful plantings require well-defined objectives that help answer many questions.

Some factors to consider in planning a tree planting, whether in the mountains or on the plains or whether it is designed to control wind or snow, or benefit wildlife:

Tree plantings benefit land and people by:

Site Preparation

Site preparation ...

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Colorado’s Major Tree Species

Colorado’s major tree species include bristlecone pine, Colorado blue spruce, Douglas-fir, Engelmann spruce, limber pine, lodgepole pine, narrowleaf cottonwood, quaking aspen, piñon pine, plains cottonwood, ponderosa pine, Rocky Mountain juniper, subalpine fir and white fir.

Bristlecone Pine

Pinus aristata
Bark: Light gray and smooth when young; red-brown with irregular, scaly ridges when mature.
Leaves: Evergreen needles are dark with white lines, they have white pitch dots on both surfaces; to 1-inch long; crowded in a long, dense mass along the twig; generally ...

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Forestry and Wildfire Glossary

Abiotic Factors

The non-living components of the environment, such as air, rocks, soil, water, peat, and plant litter.

Afforestation

The establishment of trees on an area that has lacked forest cover for a very long time, or has never been forested.

Cambium

A single layer of cells between the woody part of the tree and the bark. Division of these cells result in diameter growth of the tree through formation of wood cells (xylem) and inner bark (phloem).

Canopy

The forest cover of branches and foliage formed ...

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Wood Utilization in Colorado

Healthy forests are vital to the long-term health of Colorado’s environment and economy. Forests provide clean water to Coloradans (and 18 other states) and filter our air. They also provide opportunities for recreation, including skiing, which is a $2 billion industry in our state.

However, these forests are threatened by diseases, fires and insects such as the mountain pine beetle. For instance, the mountain pine beetle will kill all of the mature ...

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